Saturday, 12 September 2015

How do I know pregnancy

In the early stages of pregnancy, when a woman's body is undergoing significant hormonal changes, the body itself is rebuilt with a new mode of operation and adapted to the new "pregnancy" as a woman often experiences a variety of unpleasant sensations. Therefore, the changes appear to call it the "symptoms" very advisable - the first symptoms of pregnancy can make itself felt even in the first weeks after conception. When the first symptoms of pregnancy appear? Manifest these symptoms can be very diverse, as, indeed, and not appear at all at first. In principle, the question "when the first symptoms of pregnancy appear?" There is no universal answer.

So, in each case pregnancy women feel in different ways and at different stages - it all depends on the individual, health condition, "mood" or conversely, "untuned" woman. Some of the mothers claim to know about her pregnancy did not from the beginning, almost from the moment of conception. Someone knows about the "interesting situation" had only after a considerable delay menstruation and related examinations by a doctor. And yet, the majority of women still suffer the pregnancy and to some extent meet the first symptoms of pregnancy has even its early period. So, what can indicate the likelihood of successful conception and ensuing pregnancy?

 What may be the first symptoms of pregnancy? The first symptoms of pregnancy to delay first pregnancy symptoms can appear up to a delay has actually a week after intercourse. It is a light and non-durable spasmodic sensation in the stomach and small branches of blood. Typically, spotting light pink or brown inherent in the early stages of pregnancy as a result of the implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus. Typically, this occurs at 6-12 days after conception. Spasms, in turn, indicate a gradual expansion of the uterus and its preparation for the growth of the fetus. Breast tenderness and dark circles around the nipple, which experts also defined as the first symptoms of pregnancy to delay may occur within 7-14 days after conception. It is known that the entire woman's body begins to prepare for pregnancy and birth of a baby from the very beginning of pregnancy. A chest, in addition, is also preparing for the subsequent feeding, which is why have just a week after conception pregnant feels that his chest swelled and grew and darkened skin around the nipple. Furthermore, due to the increased sensitivity of breast and nipple, it is likely woman feels some discomfort. Fatigue and sleepiness - these symptoms are familiar to many mothers held as one of the early symptoms of pregnancy to the delay. Many of them often can be heard in the first weeks of pregnancy they are constantly walking, "like sleepy flies' morning wake up broken, tired quickly ...

These symptoms of pregnancy - a result of hormonal changes the body: fatigue is associated with increased levels of progesterone. The same reason explains the possibility of dizziness and / or headaches. Mood swings. Moodiness, irritability are the consequence of the same hormonal changes. Mood pregnant often changes several times a day - from the inexplicable joy and enthusiasm to tears groundless resentment or irritation. Ailments such as nausea. Nausea in the morning - one of the most common symptoms of pregnancy, which can manifest itself already from the second week after conception, though often "catches up" to the pregnant 4-8 weeks.

 Thus, nausea can occur not only in the morning (though this happens often), but throughout the day and even at night. May be accompanied by nausea vomiting (which usually happens), get to know people: this is what is called toxemia. Change of olfactory sensations and tastes. Very often in the first weeks of pregnancy a woman starts to look sharper and clearer to distinguish between odors. Some of them can be so unpleasant or harsh that trigger nausea. Many of the odors that have loved women even can cause disgust - the scent of perfume, deodorant or favorite food.

 The same "participation" perceives and loved to this woman and dishes: before pregnancy if a woman, for example, already the process of cooking can cause a pregnant woman retching. In addition, it may appear and desire for this day is not particularly favorite foods: a traditional joke is considered the question of whether or not "pulling whether salty" or "sour". Persistent indicators increased basal body temperature. The temperature in the rectum, that is, basal temperature, upon the occurrence of pregnancy is at around 37 degrees. Those women who lead the temperature charts, know that the basal temperature rises even at the occurrence of ovulation.

 That's only if fertilization is not done, the temperature to return to normal, but in the case of conception - is within 37-37,2 degrees. However, the most "obvious" symptom of pregnancy - is, of course, the absence of menstruation in due to her time. Monthly "late" for 4-6 days? Yes, and against this background there are uncharacteristic tingling and pulling sensation in the stomach? Most likely it is - a consequence of the ensuing pregnancy, although, of course, we can assume the presence of inflammation in the reproductive system, hypothermia and the effects of stress ... the answer can give a pregnancy test. And, moreover, it is advisable to consult a doctor in order to clearly identify - pregnancy, or any other reasons led to the symptoms of pregnancy, and for the state as well.

Wednesday, 2 September 2015

symptoms pregnancy

pharmacy pregnancy

In the third week of pregnancy, the expectant mother can not feel any changes in your body, then remja like there are many important processes.

During pregnancy

What's going on this week of pregnancy

Future baby

How does the mother's life

Power Mom

Doctors' recommendations

Potential problems

Necessary tests

Useful tips

3 weeks of pregnancy: during pregnancy

If fertilization has not occurred at the end of the second week, 3 week - the most favorable time for conception. Within 24 hours after ovulation, the egg meets the sperm in the fallopian tube, causing the inside of the female body can be conceived new life.

One or more male sperm penetrates into the female egg and fuse with it inside a woman begins to actively develop a zygote, a cell containing a complete double set of chromosomes, one from a man, the other a woman. From the combination of sets of chromosomes mom and dad sex of the baby depends on his eye and hair color.

WHAT HAPPENS TO 3 weeks of pregnancy

The zygote begins an active process of division in three days it is already 32 cells, and in a week - from 250 cells, and like a hollow ball 0.1 - 0.2 mm in diameter. The cells formed by the division of the zygote blastomeres called. All the while, the zygote, eating their own inventory moves through the fallopian tubes into the uterus to attach to its wall. Also, it does not stop the process of cell division of the zygote, and when the blastomeres becomes several hundred of them blastocyst is formed - this is your future baby, but still at an early, pre-implantation period of development.

In the 7-12 day of his journey, that is about the end of 3 weeks of pregnancy, the blastocyst enters the uterus and begins the process of fixing it in the mucosa. In shape it resembles a raspberry or mulberry, its size is about 0.2 millimeters.

Because the cells of the blastocyst formed the beginnings of membranes with amniotic fluid, which will be a child, and the rudiments of the embryo. In the embryo there are three layers of cells that develop all the organs and tissues.

3 weeks of pregnancy is the first critical period of fetal development - future kid just trying to live in the mother's body, which has not yet perceive it as a part of yourself, and can join the fight.

3 week bermennosti

3 weeks of pregnancy اعراض الحمل: future baby

Implantation period lasts for about 40-hours, and if the process is successful, then the end of the 3 weeks the embryo is firmly entrenched in a supportive and medium - layer of the endometrium, and then between the organism of mother and unborn baby begins to forge strong and multilateral relations.

On the seventh day after conception is the cell membrane of the embryo (chorion) begin to release the hormone hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), which gives a signal to prepare the female body for pregnancy. The amount of this hormone is constantly increasing, and in a few days of pregnancy can be determined with a blood test or by a pregnancy test.

3 weeks of pregnancy: how life changes MA

3 weeks of pregnancy: the expectant mother can still only guess and hope that fertilization is successful and within the desired CHILD DEVELOPS.

Possible early signs of pregnancy, such as fatigue, irritability, nausea, altered taste preferences bloating and breast tenderness, dragging pain in the abdomen, many women are perceived as signs of approaching menstruation. And some of expectant mothers at this time does not appear to be any visible signs of pregnancy.

The only caveat, which may alert a woman, all of these symptoms, it feels a little bit earlier than usual, critical days like a little bit in a hurry, as in this period may be meager allocation of pinkish-brownish color or a few drops of blood.

Such signals are explained introducing the blastocyst into the uterine wall: its external cells divide, forming blood vessels, and get used to the mucosa, where they begin to grow rapidly, eventually forming the placenta.

Already three weeks of pregnancy the ovaries are beginning to be produced by the hormones estrogen and progesterone. As a result of their work during pregnancy, we can forget about ovulation and menstruation.

3 week bermennosti

3 weeks of pregnancy: POWER MA

No special feelings such as heartburn or eating disorders expectant mother until he feels is just stick a full and balanced diet.

To support the body during the first weeks of pregnancy can be regular consumption of fruit and vegetables, cereals from whole grains, dairy products, lean meat and fish.

It is better, at least temporarily abandon invigorating black coffee, to reduce consumption of sugar, cream cakes and pastries, soft drinks, fast food, spicy and fatty foods.

Recommendations doctor

3 week bermennostiBosyak Yulia V., an obstetrician-gynecologist, a reproductive clinic human reproduction "Alternative" says: "In the period of ovulation, the follicle bursts and the egg enters the fallopian tube. At a meeting with the sperm fertilization takes place on the second day of a zygote, then there is its fragmentation: the second day there is 2-4 blastomeres, the third of 6 to 8 blastomeres, which merge and on the fourth day morula is formed. On the fifth day, a blastocyst is formed, which takes up to 72 hours of implantation (engraftment) in the uterus. During this period, the woman still does not feel anything special. On the third day after fertilization begins to produce human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). At the end of 4 weeks of the woman may be surprised to find the delay period. To determine whether pregnancy can take a pregnancy test on morning urine at home (but in the early stages of the test may be uninformative and do not show early pregnancy if available) or, most informative, to donate blood for hCG in the laboratory. Pass SPL at this time does not make sense. "

4 weeks of pregnancy: POSSIBLE PROBLEMS

If you encountered a woman spotting become intense and abundant, it means the blastocyst failed to gain a foothold on the wall of the uterus, and the beginning of the next menstrual period, though a bit ahead of schedule.

It can happen for various reasons, but one of them - the eternal struggle of the female body with the fetal egg with a carrier as a male cell, which develops within each pregnant woman.

To the human race is still going on, wise nature has thought up a special mechanism to combat itself: the blastocyst produces special immunosuppressive protein that reduces the work of women's immunity and future baby - carrier enemy of male cells - gaining time to hide behind saving the placenta.

Unfortunately, the surviving embryo is not always possible, there are a number of factors that can trigger a miscarriage in the third week, for example, alcohol consumption, viral infections, hormonal disorders (lack progestrona), use of medications, stress, etc.

3 weeks of pregnancy: the necessary tests

3 Weeks Pregnant - torture yourself any tests until there is no need, they are unlikely to show any definite result.

But if you are constantly monitored by a doctor-gynecologist at the end of 3 weeks to show whether a pregnancy can be a blood test for hCG.

Also, in the female body during pregnancy occurs beginning to actively secretes the hormone progesterone, which prepares the uterus to the settlement of the embryo and affects the nervous system of the future mother, creating favorable conditions for the preservation and development of pregnancy. Check the amount of progesterone in the blood of women is also possible to conclude whether the pregnancy has come or not.

Common pharmacy pregnancy test on 3 week does not show you the real picture, as the duration of pregnancy is still too small, and even if the level of hCG is increasing, it is still insufficient to draw firm conclusions.

If you regularly measure the basal temperature by the end of 3 weeks with maximum confidence can you say about the ensuing pregnancy: more than 3 consecutive days basal temperature rises above 37 ° C.

Ultrasound transvaginal probe at the 3rd week of pregnancy can show whether the embryo develops in the uterus or ectopic pregnancy. Although safe to interpret ultrasound data on this term is difficult.

The best solution for the future mom to 3 week of pregnancy - to calm down and relax while waiting for good news that the stork finally arrived, and to you.

3 weeks of pregnancy: TIPS

Traditionally, we advise expectant mothers flatly refuse from smoking and drinking alcohol, be extremely attentive to the drugs you are taking, as well as to pay maximum attention to their own health: try not to be in crowded places, protect from contact with sick co-workers and relatives. During pregnancy, the better not to have pets. More walk, relax, breathe fresh air, try not to be nervous, eat right and be happy that you have lived in your long-awaited baby.

Sunday, 30 August 2015

Pregnancy: the first and second screening


There is a fairly widespread view that the US adversely affects the nervous system of the child, irritates him - during the examination kids often try to hide from the unit, cover your head handles. Therefore, children, moms are doing regular ultrasound during pregnancy, more anxious compared to babies, mothers who abandoned ultrasound diagnostics. Is it really?

According to doctors, ultrasound can not cause any harm to the baby perfectly - modern equipment is safe. Therefore, official medicine insists that the US were absolutely all pregnant women. After all, the timely holding of diagnosis allows, firstly, to see the full picture of the course of pregnancy, and secondly, if necessary, correct the problem or another.

Ultrasound examination is carried out at least three times during pregnancy (first trimester 11-13 week, in the second - by 18-21 in the third - 30-32 week), but if necessary, the doctor may recommend that it be held more frequently.

Particularly important are considered to be data obtained from the first ultrasound prenatal screening (11-13 weeks gestation). In this period during the study:

It is determined by the number of embryos in the womb, their viability;
It puts more accurate gestational age;
gross malformations are excluded;
is determined by the thickness of the nuchal translucency - RTA (ie measured by the amount of subcutaneous fluid at the back of the neck of the child - normal RTA should not exceed 2.7 mm);
investigate presence or absence of the nasal bone.
For example, in children with Down syndrome, the liquid content much higher than normal, and the nasal bone is often not visualized.

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"Against" № 2: blood chemistry gives unreliable results

Many mothers believe that it is impossible for one to do the analysis in any way reliable conclusions - too many factors can affect the result. And in part they are right. However, the need to closely examine the process of analysis to understand the basis on which the doctor concludes.

Biochemical analysis is performed in order to determine blood levels of specific placental proteins. During the first screening is done "double test" (that is determined by the level of two proteins)

Papp (pregnancy associated plasma protein or associated with pregnancy plasma protein A);
free beta subunit of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin).
Changes in the level of these proteins indicates a risk of a variety of chromosomal and non-chromosomal some violations. However, the identification of high risk is not yet evidence that a baby is something wrong. These figures are only a pretext for more careful monitoring of pregnancy and child development. As a rule, if the result of the screening of the first trimester increased the risk for some indicators, the expectant mother wait for a second offer of screening. In case of serious deviations from the performance standards the woman sent for consultation to a geneticist.

Pregnancy: the first and second screening - we assess the risks

Conduct a second screening accounts for 18-21 weeks of pregnancy. This study includes a "triple" or "quadruple test". There is still, as in the first trimester - the woman again losing blood. Only in this case the results of the analysis are used to determine not two, but three (or, respectively, four) parameters:

free beta subunit of hCG;
free estriol;
in the case of quadruple test - also inhibin A.
As in the first screening, interpretation of results is based on the deviation from the average performance standards for various criteria. All calculations are carried out with the help of a special computer program, and then carefully analyzed by your doctor. In addition, when analyzing the results takes into account a number of individual parameters (race, presence of chronic diseases, number of fruits, weight, bad habits, etc.), as these factors may affect the value of the parameters studied.

In order to get the most reliable results, be sure to correlate data from studies of first and second trimester of the complex.

If the studies I and II trimester detected any abnormalities in fetal development, women can offer rescreening or go immediately to the right to consult a geneticist. If necessary, he may appoint additional analyzes to more specific diagnoses (such as amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling). However, due to the fact that these studies were not safe and can cause various complications of pregnancy (risk of miscarriage, development group or rhesus conflict, infection of the fetus, and others.) They are administered only in the case of high-risk disease. However, such complications are not so often - in 12% of cases. And, of course, all of the studies are made only with the consent of the expectant mother.

Thus, the first two arguments "against", from the standpoint of scientific medicine, are not convincing, and soon they should be reformulated as follows: prenatal screening is safe for the mother and her baby, and all the conclusions made by the physician, taking into account a whole range of individual factors.

How to have a healthy baby?
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"Against" № 3: "I have a good inheritance - I do not need screenings"

Some mothers do not see sense screened - all relatives are healthy, what could be the problem? Indeed, there are some groups of women who first advised to undergo a study to identify possible pathologies in the development of the child. It is women over 35-40 years (since after that age the risk of abnormalities in the baby increases several times), and future mothers with certain diseases (eg, diabetes). Of course, risk group and those mothers whose families already have children or relatives with genetic diseases. However, most doctors (and not only in Russia but also in many countries of Europe and America) is of the opinion that the need to take prenatal screening for all women, especially if the first pregnancy.

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"Against" № 4: "I'm afraid to hear bad diagnosis"

This is perhaps one of the strongest arguments "against" passing screenings. Mother Cares is very frightening probably heard something bad about the development of the baby. In addition, concerned and medical errors - sometimes give false-positive screenings or false-negative result. There are cases when the mother said that the child has Down's syndrome is suspected, and later was born a healthy baby. Of course, to be sure, such news much impact on the emotional state of the mother. Following the detention of pregnancy a woman spends the remainder in constant experiences, and it's also quite unprofitable for the baby's health.

But do not forget that the results of prenatal screening in any way does not serve as a basis for diagnosis. They only define the likely risks. Therefore, even a positive result of screening does not "sentence" to the child. This is just an excuse to get professional advice of the doctor-genetics.

Pregnancy: the first and second screening - we assess the risks

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"Against" № 5: Identify potential possible deviations in the development of the child can not be corrected

It is true - there is no way to cure or correct chromosomal abnormalities. Therefore, impressionable and vulnerable mothers and women who are determined under all circumstances to retain existing pregnancy may be caused screenings passed only another reason to experience. Perhaps, indeed, the best way to handle this is the rejection of research that my mother could quietly wait for the birth of the baby.

And still ...
undoubted advantage is the possibility of prenatal screening at a rather early stage of pregnancy to obtain information about child development, go to a consultation with genetics, pass, if need be, all the additional inspections. After having the data, the expectant mother may have consciously make a decision on the further development or abortion.
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The main argument "against": poor health of the future mother at the time of the study

Anyone, even a slight rise in body temperature, cold (ARI ARI), any other viral and infectious diseases, and even stress are unequivocal contraindication for screening. For each of these factors can distort the data analysis. That is why, before I go to donate blood, the expectant mother must necessarily be examined by a gynecologist - the doctor will evaluate its overall condition.

To date, prenatal screening is not strictly necessary, but most doctors believe in the necessity of this research. The right decision is up to the pregnant woman, so that, after weighing all the "pros" and "cons", every woman makes a choice - someone important to monitor the situation and to obtain all possible information as soon as possible, and someone to manage a much calmer mandatory minimum surveys, just enjoy the pregnancy and hope for the best.

Tuesday, 25 August 2015

Late Pregnancy after birth

Late Pregnancy

My girlfriend always wanted children. As a little girl, she would endlessly play the daughters and mothers, falling asleep with the hope that the next morning to discover this baby crib toy, and selflessly fumbled with kittens and puppies, introducing in their place a human baby. She married at 19 and a year later gave birth to a wonderful boy. Several years ago, they moved to France and are now waiting for a quarter of an heir.

40. Late Pregnancy after birth: how to prepare?

Another friend of mine was living with her beloved husband, she worked as a translator, spent a lot of time on business trips, 30 decided to learn Farsi, and 40 give birth. In 44 after the third IVF with donor eggs already she gave birth to her favorite oranges, so named because of fiery red curls and a scattering of golden freckles.

Why do some of us are happy carefree moms of 20, while others require a quarter-century to come to motherhood? Whether in modern obstetrics concept of "age primipara", or in the era of advanced medical technology it is finally dissolved in centuries? And in general, there is a difference of honey 20- and 40-year-old parents?

Such questions given by the majority of women, whose age is approaching 35-40, and help with homework is necessary only nephews and children of friends.

Leaving aside infertility and other health problems that prevent pregnancy, then we can only speculate about the factors that depend on us and our perception of reality.

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The well-being for many is an important condition for the birth of children. The woman, of course, should feel secure strong male backs or a stable salary, confident in the future before you dare to abandon contraception. However, the reality is that crazy things peculiar to youth, whereas caution is considered a sign of maturity and attention to detail. When it comes to pregnancy, childbirth and children, we can not count all the details, because a professional team of doctors, yoga courses for pregnant women and the contract for delivery in the most expensive clinic does not guarantee trouble-free pregnancy, childbirth or the lungs or the healthy child . And an adult to stand firmly on his feet, consciously flip your world is much more complicated than the carefree student.

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Sometimes it does not want to become parents, and those who feel that they - the children. In order to fly radio-controlled helicopters, do not need to acquire a son, and tie bows and braids can be weaving and herself. Woman afraid of losing subtlety lose freedom, be attached to the house, turn into a boring hen, but much worse to become an adult, and the status of the mother will automatically make it so. Torn jeans at the hips and T-shirts with Che Guevara ... The baby's mother at the hands of turns, dressed in a way of girls not in the infantile age woman. And it scares many people so much, that the rejection of procreation, sometimes spilling over into philosophy childfree, it seems the only way out.

40. Late Pregnancy after birth: how to prepare?

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Career contrary beliefs conservative-minded part of our society, is not only an attempt to make all existing money. It is a way and style of life, the constant pursuit of the ideal kind of chess game with himself. This habit of satisfaction that follows the search for answers, for sleepless nights in the office or operating room for improvement combinations grinding skill.

Leave your job, spend most of their time outside of their professional activities, swim in the calm waters and sluggish domestic affairs and cares about the kid is unbearable for those who are accustomed to high levels of adrenaline and serotonin.

Society still takes the concept, according to which a small child binds the parents, or at least the mother of the house, it does not allow to absent himself for a moment. However, slings and breastfeeding can get rid not only of the cumbersome stroller, which occupies half of the apartments, but also the feeling that you are locked in the four walls. You can run for a year-old terrorist, the whole day, taking away his passport and lighter, but you can just remove all valuables so that they do not cause a desire to learn them. You can cry because of the marker painted walls with designer silk wallpaper and paint the walls, you can advance in a neutral color, and once a month the two roll strokes to return the original appearance of the apartment.

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Sometimes having children is postponed indefinitely due to the fact that the partners want some time to devote to each other, perceive marriage as a space where the third - once, able to separate them. This mixed reluctance to give love, time and energy to someone other than your husband or wife. The initiator of such concepts is usually a man, which gradually causes a favorite to the conclusion that it is quite enough to each other to be happy, and the kids will stand between them.

Young fathers rarely dipped into the care of the baby with such intensity that they forget about his wife, but with the newly moms like that happens much more frequently, so the anxiety men can be understood. Also, such a scenario sometimes unfolds in families where the man has a child from his first marriage, and the experience gained with the first-born, was difficult or even traumatic. In addition, usually it comes to those far beyond 40 and even 50, and the fear of change, the need for peace and stability is already very strong. The danger lies in the fact that his wife, if she is young and childless, may sooner or later reach the desire for motherhood, and the node start up even tighter.

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According to opinion polls recently conducted in England, the majority of respondents believe that youth ends at 50 and old age comes only in 75 years. Thus company reacts to an increase in the duration and quality of life. A growing number of citizens over 60 years, occupying an active social and political position. Retirees no longer limit their leisure time and solving a skanvordov annual trip "on water".

Modern medicine and cosmetology can give a person the opportunity to feel and look 30, shortly before retirement, but are not able to turn it in thirty years. Chromosomal aberrations do not pay attention to the number of wrinkles on your face, chronic diseases come without an invitation, and collagen from tissues, by contrast, goes without notice. Preeclampsia outrageous indifferent to the talent of your beautician, mistakes of youth leave us not going, and the hypothalamic-pituitary system does not bother to hear the views of the British regarding the period of youth. There is no discrimination, nothing personal - just the natural course of life.

40. Late Pregnancy after birth: how to prepare?

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This happened!

How often the pages of popular publications we know that to have a first child at age 40, even better than 20. For an adult is responsible for everything that is related to health, both his own and the child is able to share experiences and knowledge, not possessed by former students. Obstetricians carefully added that middle-aged women are usually more attentive to the recommendations of the doctor and the more prudent and cautious in comparison with the young "colleagues." Actress, singer and famous leading all become parents later, pushing the usual framework.

Personally, I see these changes with enthusiasm - the world gives us more chances to realize ourselves, we become free. Pregnant women are less likely to face scorn and attempts to be hospitalized before the end of the period on the basis of date of birth. It is important not to forget that the freedom you need to use the provided reasonable because the rights are inevitably associated with the responsibilities and freedom - responsibility. You should not tempt fate, how not to fall into despair, if well thought out script failed.

You are pregnant for the first time in 40? An excellent chance to become wise, considerate, loving mom. What should we look for in the first place after the test was positive?

Contact your doctor as soon as possible. At this point, a woman's life usually gain support in the face of the doctor with whom to communicate is not the first year, which is definitely nice. Not so scary ultrasound as they write on the forums. Surveys are required in your case and justified.
If you have never actively engaged in sports, you should not immediately written to all available classes in your fitness club. But swimming, relaxing walks and a categorical rejection of the internet horror stories in the spirit of "Once there was a pregnant woman, and then ..." will be very helpful.
There is no safe dose of alcohol during pregnancy. That girlfriend girlfriends all 9 months allowed herself a glass of wine or bottle of beer on the weekends, and the child she was excellent, does not mean that you're lucky as much. By the way, baby, you probably have never seen. Increases the risk of placental insufficiency and asthma in children of smokers also undeniable reality to be reckoned with.
Change lifestyle beyond recognition is not necessary. You do not fly to Mars, you're just pregnant. I know a lady who tormented herself and her husband weekly excursions to art galleries and listening to Bach in the evening, having spent half his life in earlier scientific expeditions. At 20 weeks, she suffered a nervous breakdown after it all fell into place. Bach, she is not listening still.
Natural childbirth and breastfeeding does not exclude the fact that you remember the very Soviet ice cream with a rose.
Nutrition, a normal night (!) Sleep, a minimum of physical and emotional stress - adequate conditions for pregnancy.
Courses for pregnant or individual sessions can help you overcome anxiety, to gain the necessary knowledge about childbirth and the first months of baby's life. Try to avoid outright sects where midwives wild-eyed and without special education will talk about the horrors of the maternity hospital and the delights of home births.
The term "age primipara" invented not touch Soviet doctors, he takes his place in the ICD-10, and is under a very specific reason to. At the same time thousands and thousands of women, despite the risks and difficulties are resolved to give birth to their first child after 40. And each of them looking into the bottomless, huge eyes newborn stunned understands that traveled all worth that moment.

Saturday, 15 August 2015

Signs of pregnancy

 Signs of pregnancy
In every woman's life there comes a time when the answer to one question is more important than anything else. Tormented with doubts and hopes, it begins to look for signs of origin in her womb a new life. And, of course, it is, although they do not always turn out to be accurate.

Signs of pregnancy, and not very precise: the test, ultrasound, and other delay

In general, all signs of pregnancy can be divided into three categories: the possibility that the pregnancy is not ruled out, probably when it can be considered practically proven and accurate speaking unconditional "yes!" the future of the little man. Today we look at each of them, making a kind of guide on the way from conception to its actual confirmation.

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Possible signs of pregnancy

To suspect a woman coming changes in the first place makes the delay menstruation, which do not come at the right time. However, pregnancy - is not the only reason for it. To those also include stress, excessive exercise, illness, medication, overweight and underweight, a change of mode of life, proximity to menopause, and in fact it offensive, incorrect counting (with irregular cycle).

Sometimes errors occur in the menstrual cycle: it becomes longer or shorter, starts earlier or later than usual, accompanied by a more pronounced or scanty. All this can also indicate pregnancy. But these violations are observed and some gynecological diseases, so you should always consult a doctor - either to confirm the conception or for the diagnosis and early treatment of the disease.

In the early days of a possible pregnancy, many women experience uterine cramps, and even pain, which is very similar to premenstrual sensation. Sometimes then begin Regulus, but in some cases the pain gradually subsides, and menstruation did not come.

One of the most common signs of pregnancy is morning sickness. It usually begins 5-6 weeks, but sometimes there before. Of course, vomiting and nausea may also occur in many diseases not related to pregnancy, but in these cases there are other symptoms of illness.

Nausea and vomiting as there are gastritis, stomach ulcers, enteritis, enterocolitis, migraines.
After conception, the body begins to prepare for the feeding of the child. It appears pain or breast tenderness, increased its size, darkening of the nipple and areola, the allocation of colostrum. While such changes can be observed in certain endocrine diseases.

From early pregnancy more frequent urination. This happens because the growing uterus puts pressure on the bladder, reducing its volume and the ability to store urine. But there are also frequent urination during cystitis, urethritis, diabetes and other diseases.

Changes in taste preferences is one of the signs of iron deficiency anemia. At the same time 70% of expectant mothers also begin to experience unusual cravings for food until pikatsizma - the desire to eat something inedible such as chalk or starch.

Signs of pregnancy, and not very precise: the test, ultrasound, and other delay

A common sign of pregnancy are tubercles Montgomery - small bumps on the areola. In general, the skin under the influence of the future mother of hormonal and mechanical changes in her body, sometimes significantly changed. There may be so-called pregnancy mask, dark line along the abdomen, acne, spider veins, stretch marks, palmar erythema and some other changes. However, each of these changes is possible conception.

As the pregnancy increase in size of the uterus and stomach, although these symptoms may be accompanied by other diseases.

Perturbation of the first baby mother feels about the 20th week of pregnancy, the second and subsequent - by 16-18 minutes. True, some of them are mistaken for agitation in the stomach due to digestive problems.

For some mothers already in the early stages following conception of dairy glands secrete colostrum. If we exclude colds and infections can really talk about the pregnancy.

Use this as fatigue, it has a weak diagnostic value, because the feeling of fatigue can be the result of illness, poor lifestyle, chronic lack of sleep.

Due to hormonal changes in the body of a woman sometimes there is a decrease or an increase in sexual desire. However, the issue is too sensitive, so as a sign of pregnancy, it can only be considered a last resort.

A woman in pregnancy becomes emotionally labile. Her mood can change so quickly and unpredictably, that others may be difficult to adjust to.
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Probable signs of pregnancy

The most likely symptom of conception of what happened is the emergence of two strips on the test. Pregnancy test determines the level of human chorionic gonadotropin in urine, the concentration of which increases gradually in the first weeks of pregnancy. However, the test does not always show correct results, and high hCG levels observed in some tumors of the uterus.

The increase in the abdomen may be noticeable already at 2-3-th month, and after the 12th week of the pubis is already palpable uterus. Incidentally, the shape of the uterus is also changing - it can confirm the ultrasound examination or obstetrician.

In the end I trimester may experience intermittent painless contractions of the uterus with an interval of 10-20 minutes. They're called Braxton-Hicks contraction, or training bout. From the birth, they are less intensity, duration and regularity. When a woman lies down and relaxes, training bout usually stop.

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The exact symptoms of pregnancy

In the later stages of pregnancy, the fetus can be felt through the abdomen. Midwives do this to determine the position of a baby in the womb.

Fetal heartbeat is heard using a stethoscope midwifery since the 20th week of pregnancy. With the help of an electronic stethoscope little heart can be heard already in 10-12 weeks. The average fetal heart rate is 120-160 beats per minute.

Signs of pregnancy, and not very precise: the test, ultrasound, and other delay

The first ultrasound is usually recommended to take place between the 7th and 12th weeks of gestation. However, with the help of ultrasound can determine pregnancy much earlier - starting with 2-3 weeks of gestation.

Of course, to determine pregnancy is better to rely on the precise methods. If the onset of conception is not possible, then upon detection at the possible or probable symptoms should consult a gynecologist, who will put the correct diagnosis.

Monday, 10 August 2015


Pregnant mother haunting fear of becoming pregnant again, and a little like the birth of the child and the parent that advises the need for dialogue with the supervisor during her pregnancy her doctor to choose the most appropriate means of contraception, it recommends the resumption of the previous means or resort to other means safer.

There are several methods used to prevent pregnancy, including:

  Mechanical Barriers: These barriers prevent sperm from reaching the egg to be fertilized, and this technique is not safe affecting the hormonal state of the body or breastfeeding these barriers and is characterized by the possibility of use by a man or a woman:

Male barriers: Take these barriers thin tubular shape made of rubber material that fits the erect penis and impedes the passage of sperm into the cervix. On the contrary and other contraceptive methods can be used on a temporary basis of these barriers that are adopting other means.
Barriers female: these barriers represent a bag of rubber factory polyurethane enters into the vagina before having sexual relations and hinder the passage of semen into the cervix.
Diaphragm: shallow tool in the form of the dome and packaged article pharmaceutical deadly sperm and instilled into the vagina before having sexual intercourse. This method may be used after six weeks after the birth and under medical supervision.

Hormonal methods: These methods are used in manufactured hormones stop ovulation process or increase the mucous secretions of the cervix and thus block the sperm movement or both. It recommended the need to wait for four weeks after giving birth to start using it, especially those that contain estrogen (VCDs contraceptive, the ring and the patch) to link this hormone increase the chance of blood clots after several weeks after the birth, but there is also recommended in the case of breastfeeding Given the quantitative and qualitative impact on the mother's milk.

Contraceptive pills: These disks composed of estrogen and progesterone and taken one tablet of them every day for 21 days and stop them for seven days.

Episode: transparent, flexible ring instilled into the vagina with the beginning of the menstrual cycle and launches diluted doses of estrogen and progestin. Leave the ring in the vagina for two weeks and then be extracted to give the menstrual cycle a chance to go down and are planting a new episode a week after the extraction of the previous episode, and so on.

Vamp: Take this thin square patch of form and color Baiji affixed to the skin and release diluted doses of estrogen and progestin, and placed one patch per week for three consecutive weeks followed by a week of rest without patches are still the menstrual cycle during this week.

Light contraception tablets: These tablets composed of diluted concentrations of progestin taken four weeks after the birth and the non-stop as long as the mother breastfeeds her baby and do not want child-bearing, taking into account the adoption of a specific time is to be taken to maintain a fixed dose of the hormone in the blood. This disk is recommended in cases of breastfeeding and thus ensure the preservation of the mother's milk quality and quantity.

 Hormone injections: injecting the hormone progestin every three months for women who prefer not to use any tool inside the uterus for health reasons, can not adopt the injection estrogen or fear of forgetting taking pills. Not recommended to use this method for women who are planning to give birth within one year as not recommended until six weeks after the birth for women who rely breast-feeding a baby.

A disadvantage of this method it could lead to disruption of the menstrual cycle after the second or third injection.

Hormonal implant: This style takes a flexible form Qdibia the same size as a matchstick implanted under the skin at the top of the arm and the area and secrete continuously low dose of the hormone progestin. This implant is characterized by efficiency, which lasts up to three years and instilled and safely after three weeks after the birth in the abnormal feeding and after four weeks in the event of adoption.

Device inside my womb (IUD): There are several types and forms of this most device widely used, which takes the form of a character (T) and is made from plastic material flexible imparted doctor inside the uterus and take the first two different forms coated with copper The Alakhrfaihtoa pattern on the tank secretes the hormone progestin fixed quantities but very little .

This device is recommended to replace every five years.

This type of devices for long-term effectiveness, adverse and temporary protection and safety of use with breastfeeding. This device is implanted in the uterus after six weeks after the birth of the uterus where regains its normal size prior to the nines, as in the pre-pregnancy.

Natural means: There are several techniques and natural behaviors to prevent pregnancy and achieve the best results to the availability of a global organization and discipline. These techniques and characterized by a lack of cost and not caused any side effects.

One of these techniques:

 Warming Alardai method: This method is based on the hypothesis which states that breastfeeding delays the return of women's natural fertility after childbirth and up efficiency to 98% upon completion of all conditions such as the adoption of breastfeeding exclusively, does not return the menstrual cycle and goes on to give birth less than six months .
 Fertility awareness method: This method is based on the awareness of cultural norms monthly menstrual cycle and thus the ability to determine the optimum fertility days and multiple physical symptoms Ktzbzb body temperature and change the composition of mucus secreted from the cervix. This method offers many challenges for women and especially immediately after birth, where they must measure the body temperature at the same time every morning after continuous sleep for three hours.

Sterilization: This method represents a permanent way to prevent pregnancy and is characterized by high Bkfattha, complexity and diminished the likelihood of pregnancy again after succumbing to them, so they recommended the need to take the decision after making sure 100% not wanting in future pregnancies. This process does not affect libido, concentration of hormones or breastfeeding. To be linked to the fallopian tubes or surgery, which prevents the egg from meeting sperm. This practical conducted during caesarean section, after 48 hours on the vaginal birth or after 4-6 weeks after the birth or at any time thereafter using the telescope.

Hence the alarming and must be that this means negative psychological effects for the mother is certain that she has lost its ability to reproduce and notes that from a good number of women seeking the removal of link or re-connect the fallopian tubes.

In addition, the Shara does not solve this method of contraception.

Channel cut the vas deferens in men: the safe surgical process by which the sterilization of men to cut off pipelines sperm from the testicles to the scrotum that carries sperm before thrown out of the penis.

This process is expensive, but it does not affect the libido of a male or his ability to shoot ejaculation where semen devoid of sperm.

Emergency contraception: in the event of failure of the approved method of contraception or forget to use emergency inhibitor used to reduce the chance of pregnancy.

Depending on the usual method of preventing pregnancy can be selected emergency contraception pills and keep them permanently to be used when needed, as used in the closest sexual relationship unprotected time contributes to increasing their effectiveness.

Wednesday, 5 August 2015

mother after her birth

It represents the weight increase over what irks mother after her birth, and despite the natural increase of the weight of up to 15 (kg) during pregnancy, but that it is difficult to accept emotionally for many women where the mother lose the ability to separate the truth and reality concerning the control of the weight after giving birth, As that success in weight loss depends on three key factors of health such as food, physical activity and exercise patience and give the body chance to lose weight naturally, especially when the baby breastfeeding adoption.

There are several points that the mother is supposed to take into account with regard to increasing weight including:

Knowledge of the normal range for weight gain during pregnancy, which ranges from 08/06 to 06/13 kg, but it may vary depending on the mother's weight before pregnancy occurs, is also worth mentioning that the mother lose approximately 4.5 kg of weight during childbirth, which represents weight of the fetus, placenta and fluid Alameona also lose more in the first week following the birth of the disposal of the fluid trapped in the body.

Avoid follow the myths that stipulates that weight loss after birth quickly to ensure sound results, and therefore may increase maternal anxiety in the absence of weight loss acquired during pregnancy after one year after the birth. In fact, the body needs a long period of time of up to several years to restore normal weight without having to worry relies speed weight loss on several factors, including the mother suffered complications during pregnancy and childbirth which affects the ability to move and weaken its strength and its will, the thyroid gland following the birth and causing inflammation the difficulty of weight loss and finally wounding the mother of any medical condition before or after pregnancy and dependence on drugs that affect the weight loss process after birth.

Avoid follow the system or program, which is defined as the best to regain weight after giving birth and that the multiplicity of factors that affect the weight loss process and the lack of research that sheds light on the program or system is better to restore weight, especially in the case of breastfeeding.

Tips that must be followed for proper planning for weight loss:

  Not to start by following any diet is close to the birth of the body to need more time to recover from labor and delivery, especially in the first six weeks of the birth in the case of breastfeeding are advised to wait until the child is two months to start any diet.
Recent studies have demonstrated that the adoption of any diet to lose weight after a short period of time to give birth affect the quantity and quality of milk breastfeeding mother and delay the recovery of the mother to recover and increase public Aiaha at a time when the mother needs it for more energy to adapt to the new baby.
To be realistic in terms of what the loss of weight and taking into account that the return of the body to place it Prenatal may not be easy for some women due to pregnancy caused permanent changes Cleonh abdomen, hips widening slightly, change bone structure and increased waist circumference.
Due to the lack of any magic pills to lose weight and the mother during pregnancy, the acquired eat healthy and exercise stimulates fat loss rather than muscle. It recommended the need for a gradual loss of weight and that habitually eat less food and increase physical activity with the need to consult a specialist to determine the extent fitness body ready to practice any physical activity, especially after the birth.
Failure to follow any strict and restricted diet, where the mother needs to be a minimum of calories equivalent to 1200 calories a day and often consumption varies in the range of 1940 calories a day to maintain their energy and avoid mood swings. In the case of breastfeeding mother needs to be a minimum of calories and the equivalent of 2200 calories and at the rate could range between 2000 to 2700 calories a day to ensure feed her baby properly, as the decrease rapid weight to the mother breast-feeding affects the quality and quantity of their milk.

Rapid decrease in weight affects up opportunity excretion of toxins stored in body fat (environmental pollutants from heavy metals such as lead, mercury and other persistent organic pollutants) in the bloodstream and breast milk. It is recommended to maintain a constant rate of weight loss, which does not exceed 500-750 grams per week and are therefore decrease approximately 500 calories a day by reducing the daily rations or exercise but without gradient under the normal level of calories required per day.

Eat regularly and not deliberately skip meals Home and causing a slowdown in the rate of energy significantly and thus weight loss is slow because of the need for the mother to eat larger amounts of food at other meals. Some mothers find that eating six snacks a day instead of three main meals commensurate with its appetite. It recommended the need to eat breakfast even in the absence of get used to limiting fatigue and severe hunger and gives the body the necessary energy.

 Selection of proper foods and beverages (species), where studies have shown that drinking low-fat milk, eat dairy products, foods rich in fiber such as fruit (berries, apples and oranges) and vegetables non-cooked (carrots, red pepper, sweet) and whole grains helps in weight loss as well as to avoid fried foods and replacing them Balemczuah or roasted and reduce the intake of fat-rich sweets and calories.

Due to ride the fat from the calories up to twice what it contains carbohydrates and proteins, the minimization of the most effective means of reducing calories without the indispensable fully to its importance in the metabolic processes of the body, and therefore recommended the need to choose a few products-fat or non-fat In the case of breast-feeding is not It requires drinking whole milk to lack of impact on breast milk output.

Lies dexterity in the selection of the harmful fat and fat useful first Valenmt is saturated fat as in meat and dairy products and associated cardiovascular disease and move on to the mother's milk also, while unsaturated ones represent the beneficial type of fat as oil, canola, olive oil, avocado, olives, nuts, grains and salmon.

Drink plenty of water a day to reduce the chance of dehydration and Alhaourbamtla stomach and therefore not to eat excessive amounts of food, and recommended using two different indicators to indicate to satiate the body to his need of water, including urine color (in the case of drinking ample amounts of water produce urine Light and pure color) and frequency of urination (urinate every 3-4 hours indicator of the sufficiency of body fluids). Despite the need to drink about 6-8 liters of fluid that is supposed to care for them from putting together a hidden calories as in the juices, soft drinks and coffee.
The need to adhere to eat only foods when the sense of hunger.
Breastfeeding commitment which help the body to restore the previous weight faster due to increased fat burning rate in the regions of the pelvis and hips where the body converts concentrated fat in the lower body to the energy consumed by the body to produce milk, but it also Ajdralhdhir of taken an excuse to eat more and consume more calories (more than 300 extra calories needed for the body) price.
 Exercise as part of the plan followed to lose weight in addition to a healthy diet, exercise is recommended as respiratory and strength exercises that cause burn calories and maintain bone and muscle strength. Not necessarily join the motherland in any Gym to achieve this advice, but enough exercise routine for a period of time not exceeding 150 minutes per week.
 Sleep as much as possible to help the body to lose weight, where recent studies have proven the need for the mother to sleep at least seven hours as proven link fatigue and fatigue increase the weight of the secretion of the hormone cortisol and stress hormones.
Avoid mother compared to other mothers for the uniqueness of each woman, the nature of the body is different from the other to the different biological processes and metabolites that are related to the rate of burning calories, but it is recommended that they should not follow any diet or exercise any calisthenics practiced by third parties only after consulting a doctor or specialist as these systems does not fit all objects.